These Soviets controlled key industries such as the railways and post offices. The numbers in this key are referred to throughout the article—click on numbers for images, pages and further details.
However, this organisation was weak and essentially rubber-stamped decisions made by the monarchy and its council. Quarenghi is credited with introducing the Neoclassical style to Saint Petersburg.
A few days later, Czar Nicholas abdicated the throne, ending centuries of Russian Romanov rule. In contrast the Whites were disunited and disorganised and were not supported by the peasants who regarded the Whites as the landlord class. There they were shot by firing squad and bayoneted to death by Bolshevik troops.
This collection, some of it plundered loot given to her by her ex-husband Napoleoncontained amongst its many old masters Rembrandt's "The Descent from the Cross" and four sculptures by Antonio Canova.
This collection from Venice brought into the Winter Palace further works by Titian, in addition to many 16th-century Renaissance works of art. His takeover in October was intended to put a stop to wrangling between the various revolutionary groups.
Lenin had a number of problems to face in The Bolshevik Red Guards led a revolution against the Provisional Government by seizing control of stations, telephone exchanges, post offices, the national bank and the Winter Palace in Petrograd.
By comparison with the Winter Palace, the room, moated Gatchina Palace, set within forests, was a cosy family home. Great dynasties of the world: Marx predicted that the first communist revolution would occur in the most developed countries such as Britain or Germany.
Food shortages and transport dislocation The Russian war effort was seriously undermined by a lack of supplies and poor leadership.
It was clear Stalin did not want to share power and so moved against other leading communists who might threaten him.
It is arguable whether or not this was true communism. By July, the White army was advancing on Yekaterinburg. The imperial family was sent to live under house arrest in Siberia. Following this, the Tsar altered the electoral laws so that the next Dumas consisted of far fewer members of the rural and urban working classes as well as small landowners.
While Lenin lay dying the political infighting began. Nicholas II After the bloodshed ofCzar Nicholas II promised the formation of a series of representative assemblies, or Dumas, to work toward reform. A power struggle followed between Trotsky and Stalin, from which the latter emerged triumphant in Those who rebelled were made to do force labour as convicts timber-felling, mining, navvying etc.
But by these successes had been reversed and the Russian army was pushed back. Stalin abolished the NEP in in favour of the first Five Year Plan and set about persecuting the Kulaks rich peasants that it had created.
It was one of the few remaining autocracies: Even the number of eggs used in an omelette was reduced. Militarily, imperial Russia was no match for industrialized Germany, and Russian casualties were greater than those sustained by any nation in any previous war.
While she personally disliked France, her distaste did not extend to its culture and manners. The onion dome above it is one of the few concessions to an older Russian architecture allowed to be visible from the exterior. The principal or Jordan Staircase, so-called because on the Feast of the Epiphanythe Tsar descended in state for the ceremony of the Blessing of the Waters, is one of the few parts of the palace to retain the original 18th century rococo style, although the massive grey granite columns were added in the midth century.
A million lower ranking Communists were shot or thrown into prison, most of the leading Red Army officers were accused of spying for Nazi Germany and half were shot. The Tsar also decreed that grey top hats were "Jewish" and dress coats "revolutionary.
After OctoberLenin set about creating a one-party state, eradicating any potential threats to his authority from the other political groups: This was a humiliating treaty for the Russians: After the death of Catherine the Great, the Hermitage had become a private treasure house of the Tsars, who continued collecting, albeit not on the scale of Catherine the Great.
There were many nationalities, languages and religions the only unity was the Romanov dynasty. Granted cathedral status, it was of greater religious significance than the chapels of most European royal palaces. Lenin had to abandon war communism and adapt communist principles to meet this challenge.
Alexandra bared him five children: Even the bride's dress, and the manner of donning it, was dictated by tradition. As areas were captured they were turned into socialist republics.
In there was a revolution in Russia, the people demanded a change in government - as the policies of the one in power denied many of the people a decent standard of living- and they wanted protection of their political and civil rights. romanov dynasty: a brief history The Romanov Dynasty also known as “The House of Romanov” was the second imperial dynasty (after the Rurik dynasty) to rule Russia.
The Romanov family reigned from until the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II on March 15,as a result of the Russian Revolution. The issue of the Romanov's execution and the reason for February and October revolutions is a subject of great debate and controversy in the Russian society.
No single interpretation of the events has been adopted by the government or historians. The Russian Revolution: The collapse of the Romanov autocracy in March was one of the most leaderless, spontaneous, anonymous revolutions of all time.
While almost every thoughtful observer in Significance of Japanese Victory in • Exposes a BAD internal Russian government: –. The Revolution also led to the creation of a Duma (parliament), that would later form the Provisional Government following February  The outbreak of World War I prompted general outcry directed at Tsar Nicholas II and the Romanov family.
When the Romanov dynasty emerged in with Tsar Michael, the formula for continued power was similar to that of the Great Elector in Brandenburg: the common interest of ruler and gentry enabled Alexis to dispense with the zemsky sobor.The romanov government in 1905 was